The past year has been full of people who think they are pie types, but they are actually more likely to wear the hat of someone who thinks they are a pie type, a study from the University of Bristol has found.
In a series of experiments, the team asked participants to choose from four categories: the ‘pie type’, the ‘vegetarian pie’, the vegan pie and the ‘sushi pie’.
Each of the four categories has a set of qualities that it is claimed to represent, and the people who said they were ‘pie’ were more likely than those who said that they were not to wear one of these four types of clothing, the researchers said.
The results showed that people who were identified as being in the ‘non-pie’ category tended to wear more formal clothing and were less likely to show signs of ‘pie-type tendencies’.
But, the findings also revealed that people in the vegan category were more comfortable with their appearance than those in the non-pie category, who were more inclined to feel comfortable with wearing casual clothing.’
Pie’ is defined as a food, drink or pastry, whereas ‘veg’ is an individual.’
Vegetarian pies’ typically have a higher ratio of white to red, whereas vegan pies typically have more cream or cream-like ingredients, the study said.
This makes sense, given that vegans are less likely than vegans to be exposed to allergens, and are more likely not to consume foods containing gluten, dairy, egg, soy or fish.’
Sushi pie’ is a combination of a pie and a sushi roll, and it can have an overall greater amount of white meat, which may increase the risk of developing colon cancer, the authors said.
People in the omnivore category, on the other hand, tended to eat less meat and less fish, and to consume more vegetables and fruits.
Vegetarians who were labelled as vegans also ate less dairy, and less vegetables and fruit, and had higher intakes of whole grains, fruits and vegetables, the report said.
Dr Julia McLean, the director of nutrition research at the Royal College of Physicians, said: ‘There is growing evidence that, as we become more comfortable in our own skin, we will become more open to eating more diverse foodstuffs, including food from other cultures and dietary guidelines.’
She said that as a society, people need to learn to accept others, whether that be vegans, vegans who have different diet or dietary guidelines or vegans eating vegetarian.’
But, we have to be careful when we do that, because if we do not respect others, we can be seen as ‘not having a heart’, she said.’
We need to be open to other cultures, to other ways of eating, and accept the diversity of people, even when we may not like them.’
For instance, in the UK we have a huge amount of racism against non-whites, and I think that is because of prejudice and discrimination, but it can also be because we do want to be accepting of others, or because we believe that the way they eat and the way that they dress is normal.’
So, I think people need both to be really open, and understand that they have different tastes and they need to respect people who do not fit into a certain kind of lifestyle.’